Gingivitis – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Last Modified: November 17, 2023


Gingivitis (Gum inflammation) is a common periodontal condition that affects millions of people all over the world. It is usually mild in its early stages and if left untreated, it can progress into a more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. In this blog, we will explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for gingivitis to help you maintain healthy gums and a beautiful smile.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

  • Red and Swollen Gums: One of the most noticeable symptoms of gingivitis is gum inflammation. Healthy gums should appear pink and firm, but in cases of gingivitis, they may become red, puffy, and tender.
  • Bleeding Gums: Gums that bleed, especially during brushing or flossing, are a classic sign of gingivitis. This is often due to the inflammation and increased sensitivity of the gum tissue.
  • Bad Breath: Gingivitis can lead to persistent bad breath (halitosis). This is caused by the presence of harmful bacteria in the mouth, which release foul-smelling compounds.
  • Receding Gums: In some cases, gingivitis can cause the gums to recede or pull away from the teeth. This can make teeth appear longer and expose their sensitive roots.
  • Tender Gums: Gingivitis may make your gums feel sore to the touch, and they can be more sensitive to temperature and pressure.

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene practices, which create an ideal environment for harmful bacteria to thrive. Common causes include:

  • Plaque Buildup: Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When it is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can irritate the gums, leading to gingivitis.
  • Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase the risk of gingivitis by interfering with the normal function of gum tissue.
  • Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients, especially vitamin C, can weaken the body’s ability to fight gum infections.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain conditions like diabetes and immunodeficiency disorders can make individuals more susceptible to gum problems.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as antihypertensives and antiepileptic drugs, may lead to gum inflammation as a side effect.

Treatment of Gingivitis

The good news is that gingivitis is both preventable and treatable. Here are some steps you can take to address and manage gingivitis:

  • Improve Oral Hygiene: The cornerstone of gingivitis treatment is proper oral care. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash.
  • Regular Dental Checkups: Make sure to visit your dentist for regular checkups and professional cleanings. Your dentist can remove plaque and tartar, which are difficult to eliminate with regular brushing and flossing.
  • Lifestyle Changes: If you smoke or use tobacco, consider quitting. This can significantly improve your oral health.
  • Dietary Improvements: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables to support gum health. Foods high in vitamin C can help strengthen your gums.
  • Medication: In some cases, your dentist may prescribe antimicrobial mouthwashes or gels to reduce bacteria and inflammation.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: In more advanced cases of gingivitis, a deep cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planing may be required to remove plaque and tartar from below the gumline.


Gingivitis is a common and easily manageable condition if addressed promptly. By maintaining a good oral hygiene routine, making healthy lifestyle choices, and seeking professional dental care, you can prevent and treat gingivitis, ensuring your gums stay healthy and your smile remains vibrant. If you notice any signs or symptoms of gingivitis, it’s essential to take action right away to protect your oral health. Visit nearby Clove Dental Clinic to get best treatment for Gingivitis today.

Dr. Nayanika Batra

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