Dental implants are easily the most popular and also the ideal solution, for replacing your missing tooth/teeth. They have definitely changed the course of dentistry in the last quarter of a century or so.
A dental implant is basically a titanium post which is surgically inserted into the jawbone beneath the gum line to work as a tooth root. After that, an implantologist will attach a crown on top to ensure the appearance of a natural tooth.
Implants not only look and feel like your natural teeth but also function like them as well. They thus become the most realistic and long-lasting solution for restoring the functionality of your smile.
Consequences of missing teeth
- Speech problems resulting from the gap created by one or more missing teeth
- Difficulty in chewing
- Your face may look older and wrinkled with sunken cheeks as missing teeth can cause sagging muscles which can’t support lips & cheeks
- Pain in the jaw of facial muscle resulting from an improper bite induced by the missing teeth
- Tooth decay and gum disease over time due to plaque accumulation & food entrapment in the gap caused by the missing teeth
- Improper bite resulting from a tilt of adjacent teeth into the empty spaces caused by a missing tooth
- Untreated missing teeth may dent the facial appearance causing low set-esteem or lack of confidence
- Hiding smile during conversations or at public gatherings to avoid the embarrassment that bad smile from missing teeth brings
Dental implants are without doubt the best, and most popular solution for replacement of missing teeth. They have also changed the way we look up to dentistry for replacing our missing tooth.
Dental implants have become the most realistic and long-lasting solution for restoring the functionality of your smile as they look, feel, and work like your natural teeth.
Implants are made of titanium which makes them strong and light at the same time, also helping them to last a lifetime.
An implant is placed in the jaw with a crown attached on the top to help offer the appearance of a natural tooth.
Dental implants are fit for people irrespective of their age and gender.
With 98% success rate, implants assure dental patients about their teeth and gum’s wellbeing.
|May compromise the adjacent natural tooth||No compromise with any adjacent tooth|
|A bridge may need replacement at times where bone loss continues at the site of missing tooth||An implant causes no bone loss as it gets attached with the bone and promotes healthy bone|
|With bridges, your teeth may be prone to plaque, decay or gum disease, with a risk of possible future root canal||With no free spaces in between, implants won’t attract bacteria ever for plaque accumulation|
Advantages of Implants
- Implants help restore the lost tooth and become the next best thing to your natural teeth
- Implants are a durable solution with the potential to even outlive the patient
- Dental Implants help maintain the shape and contour of face & smile which can go wrong due to missing teeth making the facial muscles sag
- Implants don’t harm the tooth structure in any manner and protect healthy bone
- Implants ensure superior appearance and comfort with no speech issue to deal
- Implants boost your self-esteem for being a perfect solution to the missing tooth
- Implants give the freedom to enjoy your favourite foods without any worry
Implants surgery procedure
An implant surgery is often made out to look and feel complicated but in reality, it does not have any complications for being advanced.
Given below are the procedures done in the implant treatment
Placing the Implant :
Thanks to the modern dentistry techniques, it’s possible to make the implant placement procedure comfortable and pain-free. Concerned patients can also ask the dentist for sedation to feel utterly relaxed while dental implant is placed.
The procedure starts with the jawbone preparation, and the surgeon then makes a cut to expose the bone for drilling holes. The holes are kept deep enough for the implant to placed properly and placed deep into the bone, like the root.
The doctor may have to perform bone grafting in cases where the bone is weak or lacks strength to support an implant surgery. The surgeon then waits for the jawbone to heal and after that, places the metal post in it.
The entire process, from start to finish, may take many months where much of the time is spent on healing and waiting for the growth of new bone in the jaw.
After this, a temporary crown is given to the patient which is placed for the gap, and also for aesthetic goal. This crown can be taken off by own but for implant procedure, one has to wait till the bone is healed properly.
During this process, the jawbone will grow and unite with the surface of the dental implant. This process is also referred to as osseointegration as it helps offer a durable base for the new artificial tooth, much like roots do for the natural teeth.
In general, this process takes between 3 to 6 months depending on the bone health & structure. However, the whole procedure can get completed in one day itself when patients have good bone structure.
After that, you can schedule the second surgery but only once the implants are fused with the bone. Your dentists will take an x-ray to confirm whether the implant is fit for the second surgery.
The second surgery will be simpler than the first where a new incision is done to expose the heads of the implants
Abutment placement :
You may need another surgery to place the abutment (the piece where the crown will attach) but only after healing is complete. This procedure is relatively simple typically done with anesthesia in an outpatient setting.
During the procedure, the dentist will re-open the wound to attach the abutment to dental implant. A temporary crown will be given for 4 to 6 weeks so as to let the gums around the abutment heal. Such a crown is softer which can cushion the implant and may stress the soft tissues that can help in healing.
For precaution purpose, you may need to eat only soft foods after each stage of surgery so to let the surgical site heal properly
Placement of permanent Crown:
In the next stage, the dentist will focus on making the permanent crown look exactly like your surround teeth. All the elements like the surface texture, colour and anatomy will be tuned up to blend in rightly with the surrounding dentition.
If you are not happy with the crown for any reason, let your doctor know that so that it can be sent back to the dental technician for necessary re-work.
Impressions of your mouth and remaining teeth are taken to make the crown so that a realistic-looking artificial tooth can be made. The crown however will not be placed until the jawbone is strong enough to support the new tooth.
It takes less than 2 to 3 weeks to make permanent crown which will then be cemented or screwed to the abutment.
After permanent crown placement, your doctor will convey you certain things to follow as post implant care
Post operative Instructions for Implants surgery
Follow these post-operative instructions after implant surgery, and never hesitate in consulting the doctor for any question or problem:
Don’t disturb the wound. Avoid touching, spitting or rinsing the wound on the day of surgery. Don’t touch the metal healing abutment jutting through the gum tissue.
After implant surgery, it’s normal to have some bleeding or redness in the saliva for 24 hours. To control excessive bleeding, bite on a gauze pad (placed on the bleeding wound) for 30 minutes. Even if bleeding does not stop, seek further instructions.
Swelling is natural after surgery. To minimize it, apply an ice pad on the cheek in the surgery area (you can also use a plastic bag or an ice-filled towel). Apply the ice as much you could for the first 36 hours.
Drink lots of fluids but avoid consuming hot items. Stick to soft food & liquids on the day of surgery. You can get back to normal diet once the healing is done, if not otherwise directed. Don’t drink anything through straw.
Start taking pain medication as soon as you feel the effects of the local anaesthetic are going down. However, take the medicines prescribed by the doctor. In fact, take all medications as per the instructions.
If prescribed, keep taking all antibiotics as directed until they are finished.
Good healing is not possible without good oral hygiene. Before bed on the night of surgery, use the prescribed oral rinse while the day after surgery, use the prescribed oral rinse twice – after breakfast and before bed. Rinse for at least 30 seconds and then spit it out. Use warm salt rinses at least 4-5 times a day as well. Be gentle initially while brushing the surgical area to not affect the healing.
Do not use, or consume, tobacco products in any form or any type after implants. It not only hinders healing but may also increase chances of implant failure.
Don’t engage in physical activities immediately after the surgery or keep it minimal at best. You should know that, exercise may cause bleeding or throbbing, and it really happens, stop the activity right away. This may weaken you since you’re not taking normal nourishment.
Healing abutments will be placed at the time of implant placement. So, do rinse them frequently and keep them clean. Wait for the stiches to dissolve and then clean the abutments through gentle massage with moist Q-tips.
WEARING YOUR PROSTHESIS
Don’t use partial or full dentures or flippers immediately after surgery or for 10 days afterwards at least.
Post Implants Care
Good oral hygiene is important not just for your teeth and gums but also for overall wellbeing. With heathy teeth and gums, you not only look & feel good but also eat & speak with desired ease. Proper brushing and flossing is key to keeping your teeth and implants last for a longer time.
Visit the dental clinic regularly and try to achieve good oral hygiene to make your implants last for life. Follow these tips to improve your oral health.
- Brush twice a day to maintain a good oral hygiene
- Choose your toothbrush carefully and go for one with a small head and soft bristles
- Change your toothbrush after every two to three months to not let frayed or worn-out bristles harm your teeth and gums
- Go gently & thoroughly and don’t use too much force while brushing as it might cause abrasion
- Floss at least once a day to keep plaque, bacteria and foods struck between the teeth out as it helps keep implants in good condition
- Take proper oral care at home to make your dental implants last a lifetime
- You should use water pricks and proxa-brushes to clean the entire surfaces of your teeth in a proper and thorough manner
- Use mouth rinses once a day after meals to stay on top of your oral health
- Don’t eat sticky foods as implants can attract more bacteria that your natural teeth for being artificial in nature
- Eating and drinking right can hep your implants stay out of the harm’s way and such good oral care can make then last forever
Before & After Picture Gallery
Single tooth Replacement
Single tooth Replacement
Multiple Teeth Replacement
Multiple Teeth Replacement
Full Mouth Implants
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