Oral Cancer Detection and Treatment Guide

Oral Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Last Modified: January 24, 2024


Oral cancer is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that affects various parts of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, and throat. Early detection and awareness are crucial for effective treatment. In this blog post, we will explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for oral cancer.

Symptoms of Oral Cancer

  • 1. Persistent Sores and Ulcers: One of the common signs of oral cancer is the presence of sores or ulcers that do not heal within a reasonable timeframe.
  • 2. Changes in Color: Any unusual changes in the color of the mouth’s tissues, such as patches of red or white, should be closely monitored.
  • 3. Difficulty Swallowing or Chewing: Oral cancer may cause difficulty in swallowing or chewing, often accompanied by a sensation of a lump in the throat.
  • 4. Chronic Sore Throat: A persistent sore throat that doesn’t respond to typical treatments may be indicative of underlying issues, including oral cancer.
  • 5. Pain or Discomfort: Unexplained pain or discomfort in the mouth, face, or neck should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

Causes of Oral Cancer

  • 1. Tobacco Use: Smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco products significantly increase the risk of developing oral cancer.
  • 2. Alcohol Consumption: Heavy and prolonged alcohol consumption is another major risk factor for oral cancer.
  • 3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Certain strains of HPV have been linked to an increased risk of developing oral cancer.
  • 4. Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to the sun without proper protection can contribute to lip cancer.
  • 5. Poor Oral Hygiene: Chronic irritation of the oral tissues due to poor oral hygiene may contribute to the development of oral cancer.

Treatment Options for Oral Cancer

  • 1. Surgery: The primary treatment for oral cancer often involves surgical removal of the tumor. This may include removing part or all of the affected tissue.
  • 2. Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays are used to target and destroy cancer cells. This is often employed in conjunction with surgery or as a standalone treatment.
  • 3. Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. Chemotherapy may be administered orally or intravenously.
  • 4. Targeted Therapy: This type of treatment focuses on specific molecules involved in cancer growth and progression, targeting them to inhibit cancer cell growth.
  • 5. Immunotherapy: Enhancing the body’s immune system to fight cancer is a promising avenue of treatment for some cases of oral cancer.


Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial in improving the prognosis of oral cancer. Regular dental check-ups, lifestyle modifications, and avoiding known risk factors can contribute to preventing the development of oral cancer. If any concerning symptoms arise, seeking medical attention promptly is essential for a timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
By: Dr. Nayanika Batra

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