Open Bite

Open Bite – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Last Modified: November 17, 2023


An open bite is a dental misalignment where the upper and lower front teeth don’t meet when the mouth is closed. Unlike visibly prominent dental issues, an open bite might not showcase noticeable signs at first glance. You won’t see a gap or overlap in the teeth, but it might manifest in subtle ways.

  • Speech Changes: People with an open bite may encounter speech difficulties like lisping or difficulty articulating certain sounds.
  • Chewing Challenges: Uneven pressure on teeth can make chewing less efficient, leading to jaw pain or discomfort.
  • Aesthetic Implications: Though not always obvious, an open bite can affect facial aesthetics and self-confidence.

Root Causes

Understanding why an open bite occurs helps in prevention and treatment.

  • Habitual Behaviors: Thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, or prolonged use of pacifiers in early childhood can contribute.
  • Genetics: Hereditary factors can predispose individuals to dental misalignments.
  • Jaw Development: Irregular growth or development of the jaw can also lead to an open bite.

Shedding Light on Treatment

Addressing an open bite involves a multidisciplinary approach, combining dental expertise and sometimes, behavioral changes.

  • Orthodontic Solutions: Braces and aligners are commonly used to align teeth properly.
  • Surgical Interventions: In severe cases, surgery might be recommended to reposition the jaw.
  • Behavioural Therapy: Breaking habits like tongue thrusting through therapy can aid treatment.

The Importance of Timely Intervention

Early detection and treatment are pivotal.

  • Childhood Intervention: Correcting habits or using orthodontic treatment in childhood can prevent an open bite from worsening.
  • Adolescent and Adult Treatment: While treatment might take longer, addressing an open bite in adolescence or adulthood is still effective.


An open bite might not be an overt dental issue, but its impact on speech, chewing, and aesthetics shouldn’t be overlooked. Seeking professional dental advice and timely intervention can prevent potential complications and restore not just the smile but overall oral health and confidence.

Remember, even subtle dental misalignments like an open bite warrant attention and care for a harmonious, healthy smile.

Dr. Nayanika Batra

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