Root canal treatment steps

Root Canal Treatment Steps


Last Modified: October 3, 2023


Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is a dental procedure that can save a severely damaged or infected tooth from extraction. It involves removing the infected pulp and nerves inside the tooth. Post that cleaning and disinfecting the inner chambers is done. The tooth is then sealed to prevent further infection. To make it easier for your understanding, we have made a list of steps involved in the Root Canal Treatment. This will give you a clear picture in case you are planning to get an RCT done.

Step 1: Diagnosis

The first step in a root canal procedure is diagnosing the need for one. Your dentist will review your symptoms, take X-rays, and conduct tests. This is to determine if the pulp inside your tooth is infected or damaged. If necessary, they will recommend a root canal.

Step 2: Local Anesthesia

Before the procedure begins, your dentist will administer a local anesthetic. This is to numb the affected tooth and the surrounding area. This ensures that you remain comfortable and pain-free during the entire process.

Step 3: Isolation

A rubber dam surrounds the tooth to keep it dry and saliva-free. This isolation technique prevents contamination of the tooth during the procedure.

Step 4: Access Opening

Once the tooth is isolated, your dentist will create an access opening in the crown. It is usually on the top surface. This access allows them to reach the pulp chamber and root canals.

Step 5: Removal of Infected Tissue

With access to the pulp chamber, your dentist will remove the infected or damaged pulp tissue. It is done using specialized instruments. The canals are also cleaned and shaped to remove any remaining infected material.

Step 6: Cleaning and Disinfection

After the infected tissue is removed, the inner chambers are cleaned and disinfected. This ensures that no bacteria or debris remains that could cause reinfection.

Step 7: Filling the Canals

Next comes the filling of the empty canals. This is done using a bio-compatible Gutta-Percha material. This material seals off the canals to prevent further infection.

Step 8: Sealing the Access Opening

After filling the canals, the access opening in the crown is sealed with filling material. This It is usually temporary. In some cases, a crown may be recommended to support the tooth.

Step 9: Final Restoration

In the final step, your dentist will discuss options for restoring the tooth, such as a dental crown, to protect and strengthen it. A crown is often recommended for teeth with a root canal procedure.

What happens after a root canal?

After a root canal procedure, there are a few steps and considerations:

  • Some discomfort and pain may be present, which can be resolved using over-the-counter painkillers. If the pain doesn’t go away, contact your dentist for the same. The dentists at Clove Dental can best guide you regarding any issues you’re facing.
  • You should attend all follow-up appointments to get a permanent filling and also to avoid any infection/problem in the long run. Going to a follow-up appointment will ensure the success of the treatment.
  • Do not chew on anything hard like dry fruits or anything sticky like toffees etc. It is recommended to have soft foods for the initial days like dalia, khichdi, oatmeal etc.
  • It is essential to maintain good oral hygiene including brushing, flossing and using mouthwash regularly.
  • A dental crown is placed over the tooth to protect it and restore its appearance and function. This is done in a separate appointment after the root canal procedure.
  • Once the tooth is fully restored, it’s essential to continue regular dental check-ups. Follow oral hygiene habits to ensure the long-term success of root canal treatment.
  • While rare, complications such as infection or a cracked tooth may occur after a root canal. It’s essential to contact your dentist immediately if you experience:
    severe pain, swelling, or any other unusual symptoms after the procedure.

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