A Comparative Evaluation Of Patient Reported Pain Perception And Wound Healing After Frenectomy By 980Nm Diode Laser And Conventional Scalpel: A Systematic Review
Author:Jaahnavi Lanka, Pratibha Gopalkrishna, Santhosh Kumar
Abnormal frenal attachments pose problems like difficulty maintaining oral hygiene, gingival recession, and diastema. These conditions can predispose to periodontitis by causing attachment and bone loss.
Hence, correcting abnormal frenal attachments becomes essential. The conventional scalpel method frenectomy is often associated with undesirable effects like bleeding, postoperative swelling, pain, and patient discomfort.
As a result, alternative methods like electro-surgery and lasers have been used recently for frenectomy. Diode lasers are gaining popularity due to their suitability for soft tissues, ease of operation, and versatility. However, studies comparing diode lasers to conventional scalpel
methods for frenectomy procedures are scarce and pose the research question, “Is the diode laser better than the conventional scalpel for frenectomy?”
The present systematic review explores studies available on frenectomy using a 980nm diode laser compared with the conventional scalpel method. A literature search was carried out in databases like PubMed, Cochrane, Virtual Health Library, and Google Scholar from 2000 up to September 2021, using keywords, “Frenectomy,” “Scalpel,” and “980nm diode laser.” A total of 363 articles were screened for suitability using the PRISMA