why wisdom teeth removed

Is it important to get our Wisdom Tooth extracted?


Last Modified: August 10, 2023


Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of molars located at the back of the mouth. They typically emerge between the ages of 17 and 25, a phase of life often referred to as the “age of wisdom.” While these teeth served a vital role in our ancestors’ diets, modern advancements have rendered them largely unnecessary. As a result, wisdom tooth extraction has become a common dental procedure. In this article, we will delve into the importance of wisdom tooth extraction, addressing concerns, benefits, and the decision-making process.

What are the issues if we don’t get our wisdom tooth extracted?

While not all individuals experience complications with their wisdom teeth, a significant percentage of the population faces potential issues due to their growth. Some of the common problems associated with wisdom teeth include:

  • Impaction: Wisdom teeth are more prone to becoming impacted, which means they fail to fully emerge through the gum line. This can lead to pain, swelling, and infection.
  • Crowding: The emergence of wisdom teeth can exert pressure on existing teeth, causing misalignment and crowding, necessitating orthodontic intervention.
  • Infection: Partially erupted wisdom teeth can create pockets where bacteria can accumulate, leading to infection and gum disease.
  • Cysts and Tumors: In some cases, cysts or tumors can form around impacted wisdom teeth, potentially damaging the jawbone and neighboring teeth.
  • Pain and Discomfort: Even without impaction, wisdom teeth can cause pain and discomfort due to their awkward positioning in the mouth.

What are the Benefits of Wisdom Tooth Extraction?

The decision to undergo wisdom tooth extraction is often based on a combination of preventive measures and the resolution of existing problems. Let’s explore the benefits of this procedure:

  • Preventive Approach: Many dentists recommend proactive wisdom tooth extraction to prevent potential complications from arising in the future. By removing the wisdom teeth before issues manifest, individuals can avoid pain, infection, and other dental problems.
  • Orthodontic Considerations: Wisdom teeth can exert pressure on adjacent teeth, disrupting orthodontic treatment. Removing them can help maintain the results of previous orthodontic work.
  • Reduced Pain and Discomfort: Individuals experiencing pain or discomfort due to their wisdom teeth can find relief through extraction, improving their overall quality of life.
  • Prevention of Gum Disease: Partially erupted wisdom teeth can create pockets that are challenging to clean, increasing the risk of gum disease. Extraction can eliminate this concern.
  • Lowered Risk of Complications: By addressing potential issues before they worsen, wisdom tooth extraction reduces the risk of more severe complications such as infections and cysts.

When is the right time to get a wisdom tooth extracted?

The decision to undergo wisdom tooth extraction is a personalized one, influenced by several factors. These factors may include:

  • Consultation with a Dentist: Regular dental check-ups are essential to monitor the growth and positioning of wisdom teeth. Dentists can provide insights into whether extraction is necessary based on X-rays, examinations, and the patient’s medical history.
  • Presence of Symptoms: If an individual experiences pain, swelling, infection, or other symptoms related to their wisdom teeth, extraction may be recommended to alleviate these issues.
  • Alignment and Crowding: If the growth of wisdom teeth threatens the alignment of existing teeth, orthodontic considerations might prompt the need for extraction.
  • Age: Younger individuals generally recover more quickly from surgery and experience fewer complications. Therefore, early extraction may be recommended to avoid potential problems later in life.
  • Overall Health: The patient’s overall health and ability to undergo surgery safely are critical factors in the decision-making process.

What happens during the extraction procedure?

Wisdom tooth extraction is a routine dental procedure that is generally performed by an oral surgeon or a dentist with experience in oral surgery. The process involves the following steps:

  • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to numb the area around the wisdom tooth, ensuring a painless procedure.
  • Incision: If the tooth is impacted, the oral surgeon may need to make an incision in the gum tissue to access the tooth.
  • Extraction: The tooth is carefully extracted, sometimes in sections if it is impacted or difficult to remove.
  • Closure: In some cases, stitches may be required to close the incision site.
  • Recovery: Recovery typically involves a few days of rest and following post-operative instructions, which may include pain management, avoiding certain foods, and maintaining oral hygiene.



In today’s modern age, the importance of wisdom tooth extraction is underscored by the evolution of our dietary habits and lifestyles. While these teeth were once crucial for our ancestors, they often pose more risks than benefits in contemporary times.

Proactive extraction, guided by consultations with dental professionals and individual health considerations, can prevent potential complications and improve overall oral health. By embracing the advances of modern dentistry, individuals can ensure a healthier and more comfortable future, free from the potential issues associated with wisdom teeth. By: Dr. Nayanika Batra

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